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Activates the elimination of blood originated pigments responsible for dark circles.
N-Hydroxysuccinimide is used as an ester and it activates the elimination of blood originated pigments responsible for dark color and inflammation that causes under eye circles. “Infra-orbital shadows are due to the accumulation of hemoglobin and its coloured degradation products – biliverdin, bilirubin and iron – in the dermis and epidermis. N-hydroxysuccinimide renders the iron soluble for natural elimination – thereby reducing dark circles.