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AKA Vitamin E. It is an anti-inflammatory agent that helps prevent premature aging by protecting the skin from environmental pollution and UV Radiation.
Vitamin E (Tocopherol) helps prevent premature aging and is proven to assist the skin in various ways: It protects skin from environmental pollution and UV radiation; acts as an excellent moisturizer and contains a powerful anti-inflammatory action that prevents premature aging (inflammatory conditions in the skin are a leading cause of skin aging). Tocopherol has excellent wound healing properties and enhances and helps with the penetration of other compounds into the skin as well as being well absorbed itself by human skin. Vitamin E is normally found in the skin, but exposure to sunlight has been shown to deplete this extremely important antioxidant and topical application of it boosts availability of it. It is even more important in mature skin, as the levels naturally decrease with age – when it is needed even more to fight the ravages of free radicals and in so doing, help in the battle against aging. Environmental pollutants, as well as oxidative material in the body, cause the formation of “free radicals” which are unpaired oxygen molecules. They wreak havoc on skin cells and cause extensive damage, which directly results in premature aging. Vitamin E is a very effective antioxidant and helps remove the formed “free radicals” and thereby ensures that oxidative damage does not occur. It effectively disrupts the chain reaction caused by the free radicals. When vitamin E is applied to the skin it reduces the effect of sunburn cells as well as chronic UV-B–induced skin damage. Vitamin E is also effective in reducing the amount of skin tumor formation, but it must be stressed that the prevention of sun damage is still paramount. While there is no absolute protection from the sun Bellatorra products containing antioxidants, such as Vitamin E, Vitamin C, and Beta-Carotene, can counteract damage to cell membranes, DNA, and skin proteins due to oxidation caused by sunlight. These materials don’t work like sunscreens, but they help minimize the damaging reactions in the skin, especially when used in conjunction with sunscreens. When vitamin E is combined with vitamin C and applied to the skin, it helps to reduce the formation of sunburn cells and offers good photo-protection. In other studies it was shown that vitamin E protects the fibroblast in the skin – these are the cells that make collagen, glycosaminoglycans, and the elastic fibers and glycoproteins found in the extracellular matrix of the skin. It is also important to remember that when exposing skin to the sun – the resultant burn or tan is an inflammatory reaction of the skin, and in the quest for achieving a youthful looking skin, it is of prime importance to prevent and to reduce any inflammatory conditions. The topical application of vitamin E is also effective in reducing sun-induced skin wrinkling and has excellent skin moisturizing properties helping to prevent transepidermal water loss by the skin, thereby increasing the natural moisture content of the skin. Another factor that plays a major part in skin aging is cross-linking of protein that occurs in skin – which is even more prevalent when skin is subjected to UV radiation. Vitamin E has proven to be effective in preventing excessive cross-linking and resultant aging, as well as protecting the natural enzymes in the skin. As we age the degeneration of DNA – which carries the blueprint of our cells, can occur, and such damage to the DNA can also result not only in skin problems but also in premature aging. It has been shown that topical application of vitamin E also prevents the degeneration of DNA, especially when compromised by photo-damage. Vitamin E is required for healthy collagen in the skin – which is the support system in the skin and helps the skin to remain firm and healthy. When looking at a label on a Bellatorra product or indeed any skincare cosmetic, you will not find the word “vitamin E” on such a label, as international cosmetic labeling prohibits the use of the word “vitamin” on the label, and the vitamin E will most likely be listed as Tocopherol.